Starting a career in astrophysics allows you to use the principles of physics to study the solar system, stars, galaxies and the universe. You can work in places such as academia, research institutes and universities. An astrophysicist is a scientist who studies and analyses the physics of observations made by astronomers. This career can be exciting for you if you are passionate about physics, space and understanding the physical world. Additionally, starting a career in astrophysics can give you access to a vast range of opportunities.


In this piece, I will walk you through the steps to follow in starting a career in astrophysics.


Steps to Starting a Career in Astrophysics

  1. Obtain a Bachelor’s Degree

    Firstly, you must start by earning a bachelor’s degree. You can earn a bachelor’s degree in areas such as Physics, Astronomy, Astrophysics or a related field. Additionally, you have to build a strong foundation in Mathematics, Physics and Computer science.

  2. Pursue a Master’s Degree

    You can consider pursuing a master’s degree while building your career. This is not a compulsory requirement. However, having a master’s degree can come with some benefits. You can have access to more opportunities as well as a high earning potential. Therefore, you can obtain a master’s degree in astrophysics or a related field.

  3. Pursue a Doctorate Degree

    Many employers prefer astronomers to have advanced degrees such as a doctorate. This is because of the complexity of this field and having a doctorate can prove your expertise. Therefore, you can further your education by obtaining a doctorate. Additionally, this degree will allow you to carry out more research to add to your portfolio.

  4. Choose an Area of Specialisation

    In this field, there are various areas of specialisation that you can focus on. You can specialise in areas such as cosmology, stellar astrophysics, and galactic astronomy.

  5. Participate in Research Opportunities

    You need to participate in conducting research. This will gain hands-on experience as well as critical skills. You can have access to research through ways such as research programs, internships and summer projects. Therefore, you can seek these opportunities while undergoing an undergraduate or a graduate program.

  6. Build a Professional Network

    You need to build a relationship with people such as researchers, professors and other professionals in this field. This can enable you to have access to more career as well as research opportunities.

  7. Commit to Continuous Learning

    As a professional, you need to stay updated with current trends and changes in this field. Therefore, you need to commit to learning constantly. Additionally, you should continually make contributions to ongoing research. This will enable you to build your skills and expertise.


Types of Astrophysicist

  1. Stellar Astrophysicist

    These professionals specialise in studying individual stars. They study the structure, development, evolution, and life cycle processes of stars, such as nuclear fusion and stellar explosions.

  2. Computational Astrophysicist

    Computational astrophysicists examine extensive astrophysical occurrences, such as the dynamics of cosmic structures, star formation, and galaxy formation, using sophisticated computer simulations.

  3. Solar Physicist

    Generally, these astrophysicists research the magnetic activity of the Sun and how it affects the solar system.

  4. Cosmologists

    Cosmologists investigate the universe’s overall structure, beginnings, development, and ultimate destiny on a massive scale. They explore things such as the general geometry of the universe, dark matter, dark energy, and background radiation from cosmic microwaves.

  5. Exoplanet Scientist

    Exoplanet scientists study the finding and characterization of planets beyond our solar system. They investigate the creation, composition, and potential habitability of exoplanets, frequently employing techniques such as transit photometry and radial velocity measurements.

  6. Galactic Astronomer

    Galactic astronomers research galaxies, such as our own Milky Way. They investigate galaxies’ structure, dynamics, and development, as well as the production and behaviour of stars within them.

  7. Radio Astronomer

    Radio astronomers are experts in the use of radio waves to observe celestial objects. Radio telescopes are frequently used to observe phenomena such as pulsars, quasars, and cosmic microwave background radiation.

  8. Gravitational Wave Astrophysicist

    Gravitational waves are ripples in spacetime created by dramatic cosmic events such as the collision of black holes or neutron stars. Additionally, they detect and analyse gravitational wave signals using detectors such as LIGO and Virgo.


Skills Needed to Start a Career in Astrophysics

  1. Analytical skills
  2. Reporting skills
  3. Mathematical skills
  4. Problem-solving
  5. Data-analysis
  6. Communication skills


Universities to Study Astronomy in Africa

  1. University of Cape Town, South Africa
  2. University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
  3. Cairo University, Egypt
  4. University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
  5. University of Stellenbosch, South Africa
  6. North-West University, South Africa
  7. University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  8. Ain Shams University, Egypt
  9. University of Sfax, Tunisia
  10. Rhodes University, South Africa
  11. University of Monastir, Tunisia
  12. Zagazig University, Egypt
  13. Tunis University, Tunisia
  14. Assiut University, Egypt
  15. University of Nigeria, Nigeria
  16. University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
  17. Makerere University, Uganda
  18. Benha University, Egypt
  19. Cadi Ayyad University, Morocco
  20. University of Botswana, Botswana
  21. Mohammed V University, Morocco
  22. University of Sciences and Technology Houari Boumediene, Algeria
  23. Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria
  24. Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria
  25. Helwan University, Egypt
  26. Durban University of Technology, South Africa
  27. Minia University, Egypt
  28. University of Lagos, Nigeria
  29. Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
  30. University of Carthage, Tunisia
  31. Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
  32. Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
  33. Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeri
  34. University of Khartoum, Sudan
  35. University of Annaba, Algeria


In Conclusion, starting a career in astrophysics requires a high level of dedication and commitment to this field. You need to lay the right foundation as it will serve as a breakthrough to your career success. Additionally, you need to choose the area of specialisation you wish to pursue. This will enable you to have a focus in your career pursuit. Then, obtain the required education and skills that will enable you to excel.


Good luck!

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