Becoming a Pharmacist in Nigeria is a lucrative yet challenging profession that demands extensive knowledge and expertise. You will have the opportunity to make a genuine difference in the lives of people as a pharmacist.

Pharmacy is one of the most sought-after courses in Nigerian Universities. It is a profession concerned with the art and science of preparing and dispensing medications prescribed by physicians and other healthcare professionals.

Becoming a Pharmacist in Nigeria isn’t easy. It requires a significant investment of time, effort, and a solid foundation in the science of medications.


I will guide you through the steps required to start a career in Pharmacy.


Steps to Becoming a Pharmacist

  1. Obtain an O’level result:

    You need to have a minimum of credits in subjects such as English Language, Chemistry, Physics, Biology and Mathematics in WAEC, NABTEB, NECO or GCE.

  2. Register and write the JAMB examination:

    The following subjects are essential for JAMB registration: Use of English, Chemistry, Biology, and Mathematics. The minimum required for studying pharmacy is 200 and above. This may differ based on the university. Universities also administer the POST-UME exam, which is also a factor in admission.

  3. Apply to an accredited University:

    Check the precise requirements and admission process of the school of your choice. Additionally, confirm that the university you are applying to is accredited to study Pharmacy in Nigeria.

  4. Obtain a Bachelor’s degree:

    You need to complete the five-year course in the University to gain a Bachelor’s degree in Pharmacy(B.Pharm). This will give you the foundational knowledge you need in your career pursuit.

  5. Internship and Professional Training:

    After the completion of your B. Pharm degree, you must complete a one-year internship in a pharmacy or healthcare setting. These hands-on experiences will be extremely beneficial in the real world. It will also help you to apply what you’ve learned in the classroom to a real-world situation.

  6. Take the Pharmacists’ Council of Nigeria(PCN) Examination:

    After the internship, apply for the PCN Examination to become a registered pharmacist, and prepare for the exam by studying the PCN syllabus and past questions.

  7. Licensing and Professional Development:

    After passing the PCN Examination, obtain a complete licence from the PCN to practise as a pharmacist in Nigeria, and engage in continuing professional development by attending seminars, workshops, and conferences to stay up to date on the newest field advancements.

  8. Career Advancement:

    Seek chances for specialisation, management, or entrepreneurship to develop in your pharmacy profession. Stay connected by actively participating in professional organisations and networks to have access to beneficial tools for career growth and create lasting connections.


Areas of Specialisation in Pharmacy


  1. Community Pharmacy: It involves working in neighbourhood pharmacies, giving direct patient care, administering drugs, and delivering advice on how to use them properly.
  2. Pharmaceutical Industry: It involves working in pharmaceutical companies, where pharmacists contribute to drug development, manufacturing, quality control, and regulatory affairs.
  3. Clinical Pharmacy: It focuses on the treatment of patients, medication, and pharmaceutical care in partnership with healthcare teams.
  4. Hospital Pharmacy: It includes medication management in hospitals such as guaranteeing safe and effective drug delivery, and delivering pharmaceutical services to patients.
  5. Pharmaceutics: It is concerned with the creation, formulation, and optimisation of pharmaceutical dosage forms and drug delivery systems.
  6. Clinical Research: It includes taking part in clinical trials, assessing drug efficacy and safety, and contributing to research with the help of healthcare professionals.
  7. Nuclear Pharmacy: It involves working with radioactive materials for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, such as in nuclear medicine.



Universities In Nigeria That Offer Pharmacy


  1. University of Jos
  2. Nnamdi Azikiwe University
  3. University of Nigeria, Nsukka
  4. Olabisi Onabanjo University
  5. University of Benin
  6. Ahmadu Bello University
  7. University of Ibadan
  8. Federal University, Oye Ekiti
  9. University of Uyo
  10. Madonna University
  11. University of Ilorin
  12. Babcock University
  13. University of Port Harcourt
  14. University of Lagos
  15. University of Calabar



Where do Pharmacists Work?


As a pharmacist in Nigeria, you’ll have many career opportunities. They include:

  1. Universities
  2. Health organizations
  3. Pharmaceutical companies
  4. Pharmacy retail stores
  5. Hospitals
  6. Government agencies



Salary of Pharmacists in Nigeria


The salary of a Pharmacist in Nigeria is dependent on the level of experience and the industry being worked with. The average salary ranges between N100,000 to N500,000.



Becoming a Pharmacist in Nigeria requires a significant investment of time and effort, but the rewards of this fulfilling profession are well worth it. If you are passionate about helping others and have a strong interest in the science of medications, a career as a pharmacist may be the perfect fit for you.



Good luck.


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