A career in biochemistry in Nigeria often demands a solid educational foundation as well as a dedication to continuous study.  With rising demand, a career in biochemistry provides excellent chances and numerous paths for professionals to contribute to scientific developments and make a difference in a variety of fields.


Biochemistry is the study of chemical processes within living organisms, and it is important in healthcare, agriculture, biotechnology, and environmental research. Biochemistry is an interdisciplinary field that studies the intricate connections and functions of biological molecules and systems by combining biology, chemistry, and other disciplines.


I will guide you through the details and steps needed to start a career in Biochemistry.


How to Pursue a Career in Biochemistry

  1. Obtain an O’ level certificate:

    Obtain your Senior Secondary School Certificate(SSCE) or its equivalent. You must have a minimum of credits in subjects such as English Language, Mathematics, Chemistry, Biology, Physics and Chemistry.

  2. Register and write the JAMB examination:

    The following subjects are essential for JAMB registration: English Language Chemistry, Biology, and Mathematics. The minimum required for studying biochemistry is 200. This may differ based on the university. Universities also administer the POST-UME exam, which is also a factor in admission.

  3. Apply to an accredited University:

    Check the precise requirements and admission process of the school of your choice. Additionally, confirm that the university you are applying to is accredited to study Biochemistry in Nigeria.

  4. Obtain a Bachelor’s degree:

    To obtain a BSc in Biochemistry, you must complete a four-year programme. In addition, you will be required to participate in research projects and industrial training. This will prepare you and provide you with the foundational knowledge required to study Biochemistry.

  5. Gain Practical experience:

    Seek practical experience in the biochemistry career path through internships, research projects, and laboratory positions to enhance your skills and knowledge.

  6. Consider Postgraduate studies:

    You could consider gaining a PhD or a Master’s in biochemistry. This can give you a competitive market advantage and let you deepen your specialisation in a field of interest.

  7. Engage in research and publications:

    During your undergraduate or postgraduate studies, actively engage in collaborative scientific research projects to conduct focused research in a specific field of biochemistry. Also, strive to publish your research findings in reputable scientific journals to enhance your academic and professional reputation.

  8. Network with fellow professionals:

    To network with professionals, join biochemistry-related professional organisations such as the Nigerian Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (NSBMB) and go to conferences, seminars, and workshops.

  9. Continuous learning and career growth:

    One must understand that the science of biochemistry is continually evolving. As a result, you should continually expand your knowledge and keep up with scientific developments.


Areas of Specialization in Biochemistry

  1. Molecular Biochemistry:

    It focuses on studying the composition, properties, and interactions of biological molecules, including DNA, RNA, proteins, and enzymes, to understand cellular functions and molecular mechanisms.

  2. Metabolic Biochemistry:

    It focuses on the study of the chemical processes and networks that underlie the production and use of energy within cells and organisms.

  3. Structural Biochemistry:

    It focuses on the study of the three-dimensional structure of biomolecules using methods like nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography to learn more about their molecular connections and intended functions.

  4. Enzymology:

    It focuses on studying enzymes and their structure, kinetics, and catalytic mechanisms to comprehend how they support biochemical reactions in living organisms.

  5. Clinical Biochemistry:

    It focuses on the use of biochemical concepts and methods in diagnosing and monitoring diseases, examining blood and body fluid samples, and interpreting biochemical information for patient care.

  6. Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering:

    It deals with applying the concepts of biochemistry to the manipulation and modification of genetic material, such as DNA, for a variety of purposes, such as the creation of therapeutic proteins, genetic testing, and gene editing.

  7. Protein Biochemistry:

    It focuses on the investigation of the composition, characteristics, and structure of proteins, as well as strategies for protein purification.

  8. Pharmaceutical Biochemistry:

    It deals with the design, development, and testing of drugs, analyzing their biochemical properties, mechanisms of action, and potential therapeutic applications.


Industries you can work in with a Career in Biochemistry


  1. Food and Beverage Industries
  2. Raw Material Industry
  3. Healthcare Institutions
  4. Pharmaceutical Industry
  5. Medical Laboratory
  6. Research Institutions
  7. Biotechnology Companies
  8. Government Agencies
  9. Academic Institutions
  10. Agricultural Industry



Salary of a Biochemist


The average salary of a Biochemist in Nigeria ranges from N70,000 to N400,000. This depends on the level of experience and the industry sector you work under.



A career in biochemistry provides numerous opportunities for development and specialisation. Moreover, the increasing demand for biochemistry professionals highlights the field’s vital role in advancing healthcare, agriculture, biotechnology, and environmental science.



However, this career path calls for commitment, diligence, and ongoing education. To thrive in this field, you must remain committed to your goals and seize the opportunities that present themselves.



Good luck.

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