A career as a behavioural scientist is a broad career that deals with the study of human behaviour through the use of systematic experimentation and observation. This field is vast and there are numerous career paths in this field. As a behavioural scientist, you will have the option to explore various career paths that fall under this field. You can explore disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, psychology, etc. A behavioural scientist is a professional who deals with human behaviours and actions in society.


Generally, they combine the knowledge of psychology, sociology and anthropology with research and observation to examine human decision-making and behaviour. This career path is highly important to society because of the role it plays in creating a better and more healthy society. Additionally, a behavioural scientist can work in various sectors of the industry. They work in areas such as health, education, business and public policy.


This is an interesting field of study. If you are interested in pursuing a career as a behavioural scientist, I will guide you through the steps and processes to take to achieve this career path.


Steps to Start a Career as a Behavioural Scientist

  1. Earn a Bachelor’s Degree

    You need to obtain a bachelor’s degree while pursuing a career as a behavioural scientist. You can earn a bachelor’s degree in fields such as sociology, psychology, anthropology, economics or a related discipline. This will give you foundational knowledge in behavioural science and the needed knowledge needed to undertake further education. Therefore, you should obtain a bachelor’s degree that has coursework related to statistics, sociology, abnormal psychology, and research methods.

  2. Gain Experience

    Gaining experience in this field can help you develop your research in your particular areas of interest as well as develop your resume. Additionally, it will enable you to gain practical knowledge in the field and give you access to career experts. Therefore, you can look for assistantships or internships in behavioural science.

  3. Develop Relevant Skills

    This career path will require specific skills to help you navigate your career journey. You should build skills such as research skills, clinical skills, communication skills, and interpersonal skills. Additionally, you should learn statistical software such as SPSS or R.

  4. Acquire Advanced Degrees

    You need to acquire advanced degrees as you grow in your career. Obtaining a master’s degree can enable you to choose an area of specialisation and gain knowledge in it. While a doctoral degree can enable you to work in academia. Generally, advanced degrees give you more room for higher opportunities as well as a higher earning potential.

  5. Choose an Area of Specialisation

    After earning your qualifications, you should decide the career path you wish to follow in behavioural science. You can decide to pursue your career in areas such as academia, consulting or advocacy. You can decide based on your area of interest or career goals. Additionally, you can specialise in social work, psychology, sociology, economics, and organizational behaviour.

  6. Pursue Certifications

    This is not a major requirement for behavioural scientists. However, obtaining research certifications can help you stand out from other candidates.


Types of Behavioural Scientists

  1. Sociologists

    Sociologists investigate social behaviour, organisations, and structures. Additionally, they examine trends in social interaction, cultural norms, and societal structures to gain insights into group behaviour and social events.

  2. Social Workers

    Social workers use behavioural science techniques to help people and their communities overcome social challenges. They specialise in fields such as child welfare, healthcare, and mental health.

  3. Psychologists

    Psychologists investigate subjects such as emotion, personality, mental health, and cognition in their study of the mind and behaviour. They might be employed in places such as healthcare facilities, academic institutions, or research facilities.

  4. Economists

    Behavioural economists concentrate on how psychological variables affect how decisions are made in the economy. They examine the decision-making processes of both individuals and groups, covering subjects such as economic policy and consumer behaviour.

  5. School Psychologists

    School psychologists investigate behavioural and learning problems in educational environments. Additionally, they may investigate the efficacy of educational interventions, learning styles, and student motivation.

  6. Anthropologists

    Anthropologists investigate human cultures, societies, and historical developments.

  7. Neuroscientists

    Neuroscientists study how the brain underlies thought and behaviour. They use methodologies such as brain imaging to gain an understanding of how the brain influences and responds to various behaviours.

Important Skills for a Behavioural Scientist

  1. Clinical skills
  2. Critical thinking skills
  3. Communication skills
  4. Emotional Intelligence
  5. Interpersonal Skills

Universities in Africa where you can study Psychology

  1. University of Cape Town, South Africa
  2. Bayero University, Nigeria
  3. Federal University of Technology, Akure
  4. University of Lagos, Nigeria
  5. Cairo University, Egypt
  6. University of Maiduguri, Nigeria
  7. Ain Shams University, Egypt
  8. University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  9. Makerere University, Uganda
  10. University of Ghana, Ghana
  11. Tanta University, Egypt
  12. University of Witwatersrand
  13. Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
  14. University of Pretoria, South Africa
  15. Alexandria University, Egypt
  16. University of Sfax, Tunisia
  17. Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria
  18. University of Nairobi, Kenya
  19. Rhodes University, South Africa
  20. University of Nigeria, Nigeria


In Conclusion, pursuing a career as a behavioural scientist plays a major role in impacting the lives of people. Therefore, you must acquire the relevant education and skills needed to carry out the crucial responsibilities of this field. Additionally, you can choose to explore different career options in this field. It can enable you to gain more understanding of that field and make you an expert in that niche.


Good luck!

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