Pursuing a career in psychology puts you in a position to assist others in coping better with their mental health issues. Additionally, you can help people manage the challenges they face in their life daily. Pursuing a career in psychology can be a good fit for you if you have a keen interest in learning more about the human mind and how it functions.


A psychologist is a medical expert who investigates the human mind, emotions and behavioural patterns. A psychologist provides people with the skills they need to deal with life’s obstacles and effectively manage mental health issues. This is a valuable career path that is in high demand and is predicted to rise in years to come.


Pursuing a career in psychology will require you to acquire advanced education and clinical training. In this piece, I will discuss the basic requirements needed as a psychologist. And, the processes to take in pursuing a career in psychology.


How to Become a Psychologist

  1. Earn a Bachelor’s Degree

    To pursue a career in psychology, you need to earn a bachelor’s degree in psychology or a related field. You must apply to an accredited university. This usually takes four to five years to complete.

  2. Pursue a Master’s Degree

    After obtaining a bachelor’s degree, you can pursue a master’s degree. A master’s degree can help you choose an area of specialisation to focus on. This program usually takes two years to complete. Furthermore, it will give you a more in-depth knowledge of the different specialisations in psychology. Additionally, after earning a master’s degree, you will be qualified to work in hospitals, schools, and colleges.

  3. Choose an Area of Specialisation

    You must choose an area of specialisation in this field. It will enable you to carve a niche for yourself and enable you to become an expert in that area. You can choose an area of specialisation based on your interest or field of research.

  4. Gain a Doctorate Degree

    A doctorate is the highest level of graduate education available in this profession. Furthermore, this degree can enable you to get into research and also establish your private practice. A doctoral program usually takes five to seven years to complete. Additionally, you can have a career in research and analysis or become a professor at a university after obtaining a PhD in psychology.

  5. Gain Practical Experience

    After obtaining your degrees, you must complete an internship in your area of practice. An internship opportunity allows you to work with experts in your field. Additionally, it will help you gain hands-on experience in your field of interest. The duration of the internship varies according to your specialisation.

  6. Get Licensed

    You need to obtain a license before you can practice as a psychologist. You must fulfil the educational requirements and experience before you apply for a license. Additionally, you must pass the examination before you can be issued a license.


Areas of Specialisation in Psychology

  1. Clinical Psychology

    Clinical psychologists evaluate and care for people who have mental illnesses or psychological difficulties. This group of psychologists work in hospitals or private clinics. Additionally, they provide counselling sessions and treatment plans to patients.

  2. Counselling Psychology

    These psychologists focus on providing treatments to patients with a variety of symptoms. These experts carry out many of the same activities as clinical psychologists. However, they work with clients who have less severe types of mental illness.

  3. Experimental Psychology

    Experimental psychologists are responsible for studying human and animal behaviour. They are often hired by universities, corporate research institutes, government agencies and non-profit organisations.

  4. Forensic Psychology

    Forensic psychology is the application of psychology in forensic and judicial settings. Forensic psychologists are often called in to assist with custody battles, insurance claims and lawsuits. Additionally, these professionals usually work with police departments and forensic laboratories.

  5. Industrial-Organisational Psychology

    This field of psychology focuses on workplace behaviour. Organisational psychologists are frequently found in large corporations, where they establish management and individual policies.

  6. School Psychology

    School psychologists are specialists that work within the educational system to assist students with emotional, social, and academic challenges. Additionally, they collaborate with teachers and parents to develop ways for dealing with disruptive behaviour.

  7. Social Psychology

    Social psychologists study how interactions with others affect individual and group behaviour. As a professional in this field, you can work in market research firms, public relations agencies and corporate groups.


Places you can Work as a Psychologist

  1. Hospitals and healthcare institutions
  2. Independent practice
  3. Education environment
  4. Government agencies
  5. Non-profit organisations
  6. Medical schools


Universities in Africa where you can study Psychology

  1. University of Cape Town, South Africa
  2. Bayero University, Nigeria
  3. Federal University of Technology, Akure
  4. University of Lagos, Nigeria
  5. Cairo University, Egypt
  6. University of Maiduguri, Nigeria
  7. Ain Shams University, Egypt
  8. University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  9. Makerere University, Uganda
  10. University of Ghana, Ghana
  11. Tanta University, Egypt
  12. University of Witwatersrand
  13. Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
  14. University of Pretoria, South Africa
  15. Alexandria University, Egypt
  16. University of Sfax, Tunisia
  17. Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria
  18. University of Nairobi, Kenya
  19. Rhodes University, South Africa
  20. University of Nigeria, Nigeria


In conclusion, pursuing a career in psychology can be rewarding. However, it can also be demanding. This career path takes years of hard work and dedication before you can begin practising on your own. As an aspiring psychologist, you should be able to demonstrate empathy, communication skills, analytical thinking and patience. Furthermore, you should follow ethical and professional conduct norms. This is critical to preserving the trust and confidentiality required for successful psychological practice.


Psychology is a fascinating field. You just need to acquire a unique set of skills and personal qualities needed to have a successful career in this field.


Good luck!

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