The path to becoming a journalist in Nigeria is an intriguing one because this is an unique career path that requires a certain level of self-development and education. Journalism is a great way to become involved in social issues.


A journalist is trained to gather, analyse, and report on current events and news. They explore and report on stories using a variety of sources, including interviews with informants, research, and observations. Journalists can work in a variety of channels, including print, television, radio, and online.


This piece will explore the path to becoming a journalist.


How to Become a Journalist in Nigeria


  1. Obtain your O’ level results:

    You must have at least a credit pass in your subjects, which may include Mathematics, English, Literature in English, Government, Economics, or History. C.R.K. or I.R.K. may also be required by some universities.

  2. Write the JAMB Exam:

    The following subjects are essential for JAMB registration: English Language Use, Government, Literature in English, and Economics. The cut-off point for studying journalism is 180. This may differ based on the university. Universities also administer the POST-UME exam, which is also a factor in admission.

  3. Obtain a degree in journalism or a related field:

    Get a bachelor’s degree in journalism, mass communication, or a related field from a reputable university. This will guide on the path to becoming a journalist and provide you a strong foundation in journalistic concepts, ethics, research, and reporting procedures.

  4. Build your writing and communication skills:

    Improve your writing and communication skills by writing on a regular basis, developing your storytelling ability, and working on your language and punctuation. Journalists must be able to communicate effectively, therefore practise verbal and written communication abilities.

  5. Choose an area of specialisation:

    Journalism is a vast field with several specialisations. Consider specialising in a certain area of journalism, such as politics, sports, health, or business. You will significantly add to media organisations if you develop knowledge in a specific sector.

  6. Gain practical experience:

    Look for internships, volunteer positions, or part-time jobs in media organisations, newspapers, radio stations, or news websites. This will provide you with hands-on experience and will help you grasp the practical sides of journalism.

  7. Develop a strong network:

    Develop contacts with journalists, editors, and other industry experts. Attend journalism conferences, workshops, and seminars to network with industry professionals and remain current on trends and practices.

  8. Join professional associations:

    Join a reputable journalism organisation or association in Nigeria, such as the Nigerian Union of Journalists (NUJ) or the Nigerian Guild of Editors (NGE). These organisations offer networking, professional growth, and access to job postings.

  9. Build an online presence:

    Create a professional website or blog to promote your work, discuss your thoughts, and interact with your audience. Create a strong social media presence, particularly on channels popular among journalists such as Twitter.

  10. Start freelancing or contribute to local publications:

    Submit your work to local newspapers, magazines, and internet outlets. Freelancing can help you obtain visibility, establish your name, and create new chances for yourself.


Areas of Specialization in Journalism


These are only a few examples of the various types of journalism practised in Nigeria. Depending on your interests and expertise, as a journalist, you can choose to specialise in one or more of these areas.

  1. News Journalism: This entails reporting on current events and giving the public with timely and accurate information. Politics, the economy, social issues, sports, and other subjects are all covered by news journalists.
  2. Investigative Journalism: Investigative journalists delve deeply into stories, exposing wrongdoing and bringing significant concerns to light. They perform extensive study, interviews, and analyses to learn the truth about numerous topics.
  3. Feature Journalism: Feature journalists cover human interest stories, individual profiles, or in-depth examination of a given issue. This form of journalism allows for deeper storytelling and in-depth investigation of themes.
  4. Business Journalism: Business journalists report on and analyse news in the business and financial sectors.
  5. Sports Journalism: Sports journalists cover news and updates about sporting events, athletes, teams, and the sports sector in general.
  6. Entertainment Journalism: Entertainment journalists cover news, interviews, and updates from the entertainment business, which includes music, cinema, television, fashion, and celebrity culture.
  7. Health Journalism: Health journalists write about health and well-being issues. They discuss medical discoveries, health policies, public health challenges, and how to live a healthy lifestyle.


Universities that offer Journalism in Nigeria


  1. Covenant University
  2. University of Ibadan
  3. University of Ilorin
  4. Afe Babalola University
  5. University of Nigeria, Nsukka
  6. Obafemi Awolowo University
  7. University of Lagos
  8. Nnamdi Azikiwe University
  9. Ahmadu Bello University (ABU)
  10. University of Benin


Salary of Journalists in Nigeria


The Salary of Journalists in newspapers firms, radio and Tv broadcast stations in Nigeria ranges from N40,000 to N150,000 and above. This can vary depending on your level of experience.


The Path to becoming a journalist demands honesty, objectivity, and a commitment to giving accurate and ethical information. It also requires that you always strive to improve your skills, adapt to the changing media landscape, and remain committed to your passion for journalism.

With the right guidance and dedication to your efforts, you are sure to thrive in this career path.


Good luck


Click to discover an extensive list of local and international schools offering courses and programs in various career path
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