A career in chemical engineering has many applications, ranging from medicine to industrial manufacturing. Chemical engineers operate in practically every industry, converting raw materials to finished goods. These engineers play an important role in the development of new and improved goods. A career in chemical engineering is an excellent field to pursue if you want to work in the engineering sector.


Chemical engineers are engineers who employ the use of inorganic and organic chemistry concepts to deal with issues and develop new applications involving the production of chemicals. They create and supervise industrial procedures that transform raw resources into industrial and consumer products. Additionally, they conduct material analysis to improve efficiencies and lower manufacturing costs. Chemical engineers are needed in almost every manufacturing industry.


In this piece, I will explore the requirements and steps needed to pursue a successful career in chemical engineering.


How to Become a Chemical Engineer

  1. Obtain an O’level Certificate

    You need to have a solid foundation in science subjects such as chemistry, physics, mathematics and biology. Additionally, you should have a minimum of credits in these subjects in your O’level examination. This will enable you to have a chance of getting admitted into a university.

  2. Earn a Bachelor’s Degree

    The first step to take in pursuing a career in chemical engineering is to obtain a bachelor’s degree. You should apply to an accredited university and study to gain a bachelor’s degree. Furthermore, during your undergraduate phase, you will learn about the analysis and creation of chemical products and processes.

  3. Gain Practical Experience

    You can gain practical experience through internships and industrial training programs. These opportunities can help you gain practical experience in chemical engineering. Additionally, it can help you develop essential skills needed to thrive as a chemical engineer.

  4. Pursue a Master’s Degree

    Getting a master’s degree is not compulsory. However, you can have access to additional job opportunities with an advanced degree. Most employers prefer chemical engineers with a master’s degree. Additionally, a master’s degree can enable you to gain knowledge on the particular speciality you wish to pursue.

  5. Choose an Area of Specialisation

    Chemical engineering is a broad field. You must have a niche and an area of expertise in an area of interest. Additionally, this can enable you to narrow your knowledge to a particular area and gain relevance in that field.

  6. Register with a Professional Body

    You should register with a professional body in chemical engineering. This will provide a platform for you to network with colleagues and professionals in this field. Additionally, you can have access to resources and career opportunities.

  7. Obtain Certifications

    You can consider obtaining professional certifications in this field. This is highly recommended for career development. These certifications prove your commitment to excellence and ongoing professional development. Additionally, It increases your credibility and verifies your expertise to hiring companies.


Areas of Specialisation in Chemical Engineering

  1. Water Engineer: A water engineer is a professional who assists in the development of safe drinking water systems. Furthermore, they utilise chemical engineering knowledge to develop and test water to ensure its purity. Additionally, they develop water treatment strategies to ensure that water systems adhere to environmental regulations.
  2. Chemical Engineer: A chemical engineer is an expert who solves issues concerning chemical processes by using mathematical analysis and scientific knowledge. Additionally, they also create safety measures to guarantee that colleagues are secure while dealing with chemicals.
  3. Energy Engineer: Energy engineers are in charge of projects as well as goods that deal with energy use and efficiency. Furthermore, they design energy-effective designs, processes and mechanisms for new construction.
  4. Environmental Engineer: Environmental engineers employ mathematical reasoning, understanding of the environment, and scientific techniques to tackle environmental challenges.
  5. Process Engineer: These engineers are experts in equipment development and procedures. Additionally, they monitor the manufacturing process to guarantee that raw materials become finished commodities.
  6. Product Development Engineer: Product development engineers are in charge of developing new products. Additionally, their responsibilities include creating fresh design plans, selecting materials, creating samples and testing the items.


Universities in Africa that Offer Chemical Engineering


  1. Cairo University, Egypt
  2. University of Lagos, Nigeria
  3. Ain Shams University, Egypt
  4. University of Johannesburg, South Africa
  5. Alexandria University, Egypt
  6. University of Witwatersrand, South Africa
  7. Mansoura University, Egypt
  8. University of Cape Town, South Africa
  9. Assiut University, Egypt
  10. University of Monastir, Tunisia
  11. Sohag University, Egypt
  12. University of Nigeria, Nigeria
  13. Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
  14. University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  15. National Polytechnic School, Algeria
  16. Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria
  17. University of Carthage, Tunisia
  18. Durban University of Technology, South Africa
  19. University of Ilorin, Nigeria
  20. Covenant University, Nigeria



Chemical engineering is critical to global industrialization and economic progress. Additionally, chemical engineers are also in high demand in various sectors such as oil and gas, pharmaceuticals, and manufacturing. Pursuing a career in chemical engineering degree opens doors to a wide range of career opportunities. However, the path to becoming a chemical engineer is challenging, yet immensely rewarding. Therefore, you need to commit to acquiring the required knowledge and skills needed to thrive in this career path.


Good luck!

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