A career in biomedical engineering is an excellent career for people who enjoy intellectual challenges and creative problem-solving. Biomedical engineers are scientists and engineers who operate in the STEM field. They are concerned with resolving present and new medical issues as well as providing healthcare solutions for patients.


A biomedical engineer is a medical science professional who designs and builds software, systems, or devices to diagnose and treat medical illnesses and injuries. A career in biomedical engineering is a highly specialised field that requires a combination of extensive education and experience. Biomedical engineers combine engineering and materials science with medical knowledge to design equipment to diagnose and treat illnesses.


You need an analytical approach, a keen eye for detail and an interest in human biology to thrive in a career in biomedical engineering. I will steps required to start a career in biomedical engineering and the skills needed to have a successful career.


How to Become a Biomedical Engineer

  1. Obtain an O’level Certificate

    You should take science and technology subjects in your O’level examinations. Additionally, you must have a minimum of credits in subjects such as Biology, Chemistry, Computer science, and Physics.

  2. Earn a Bachelor’s Degree

    You need a bachelor’s degree to become a biomedical engineer. You should apply to an accredited university and study to gain a bachelor’s degree in biomedical engineering. This will provide you with the knowledge and experience you need in this field.

  3. Gain Practical Experience

    Getting real-world experience is important as most employers would not employ you without experience. You can get this experience by applying for internship positions or volunteer programs. Furthermore, this can expand your knowledge and build your skills.

  4. Pursue an Advanced Degree

    Pursuing advanced degrees can provide you with opportunities to connect with experts in this field. Additionally, an advanced degree will allow you to specialise in a particular area of biomedical engineering. Having a master’s or Ph.D. can also open doors to higher-level positions.

  5. Develop Relevant Skills

    Biomedical engineers must have both technical and interpersonal abilities to do effectively in their careers. You should build these skills as they will help you advance in your career.

  6. Obtain Certification

    Obtaining professional certifications in biomedical engineering can greatly improve employment opportunities and credibility. Getting a certificate can validate your knowledge and competencies as a biomedical engineer.

  7. Join a Professional Organisation

    You must register and become a member of a professional association. This can enable you to network with colleagues and professionals in your field. Additionally, networking can lead to collaborations, mentorship, and access to job opportunities in the field.


Areas of Specialisation in Biomedical Engineering

  1. Bioinstrumentation

    This field refers to the use of electronics and measurement techniques to create devices used in illness diagnosis and treatment.

  2. Rehabilitation Engineering

    This specialisation is a new and expanded field in biomedical engineering. Rehabilitation engineers increase capabilities and raise the quality of life for people with physical disabilities.

  3. Bioinformatics

    This is one of the most fascinating and in-demand fields. It involves applying computer engineering and programming skills as well as a thorough understanding of the human body system to deliver health care services.

  4. Clinical Engineering

    Clinical engineers are in charge of creating and maintaining a computer database of medical instrumentation and equipment. Additionally, they maintain the records for purchasing and using supplicated medical instruments.

  5. Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

    This is one of the most exciting and profitable areas of biomedical engineering. It involves the creation and production of new tissues and organs to replace damaged ones.

  6. Systems Physiology

    This is a branch of biomedical engineering that utilises engineering concepts, techniques and instruments. They use them to achieve a comprehensive and integrated understanding of the operation of living organisms ranging from bacteria to people.


Universities in Africa that Offer Biomedical Engineering

  1. University of Cape Town, South Africa
  2. Alexandria University, Egypt
  3. University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
  4. Cairo University, Egypt
  5. University of Stellenbosch, South Africa
  6. Bells University of Technology, Nigeria
  7. Mansoura University, Egypt
  8. University of Johannesburg, South Africa
  9. Tanta University, Egypt
  10. University of Lagos, Nigeria
  11. Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria
  12. University of Pretoria, South Africa
  13. Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria
  14. University of Monastir, Tunisia
  15. Covenant University, Nigeria
  16. University of Nigeria, Nigeria
  17. Ain Shams University, Egypt
  18. University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  19. Assiut University, Egypt
  20. University of Benin, Nigeria


Places you can work as a Biomedical Engineer

  1. Universities
  2. Research laboratories
  3. Hospitals
  4. Pharmaceutical Companies
  5. Medical Device Manufacturers
  6. Government Agencies
  7. Software Development Companies



A career in biomedical engineering is a promising career that is expected to grow in demand over the coming years. However, the future of biomedical engineering is bright and exciting. Biomedical engineers are responsible for designing and developing innovative medical devices that enhance healthcare and save lives.

To have a successful career in this exciting field, you must be a curious individual who appreciates learning new things. You should also possess creativity skills, communication skills and a teamwork-oriented mindset.


Good luck!

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