A career in agronomy is a fascinating ecological career that affects the environment and the food we eat. Professionals in this field are called agronomists. They are experts in managing the soil and developing crops. Additionally, agronomists act as the liaison between a farmer and a researcher. They review research findings as well as recommend solutions to improve the productivity of a farm. This career can be suitable for one who is interested in botany or agriculture.


An agronomist is a scientist who is an expert in studying and caring for crops. Additionally, they examine plants to determine how to fight disease, nurture growth and improve production quality. As a result, they play a major role in the food and production sector of an economy, Agronomists are experts in areas such as plant biology, soil science and environmental management. They use these techniques to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of farming operations.


In this piece, I will discuss the various specialisations of this career as well as the steps to start a career in agronomy.


How to Start a Career in Agronomy

  1. Complete your Secondary Education

    You must have completed your secondary/high school before you can pursue a career in agronomy. You should have a strong foundation in subjects such as mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology. Additionally, you should have a strong foundation in agricultural science.

  2. Earn a Bachelor’s Degree

    The first step to pursuing a career in agronomy is to get a bachelor’s degree. You can gain a bachelor’s degree in disciplines such as agronomy, crop science, soil science or a related field. These disciplines can give you a good foundational knowledge in this path. Additionally, you should ensure that the degree you pursue has courses such as plant biology, crop management and agricultural economics.

  3. Gain Practical Experience

    You can gain practical experiences through ways such as internships or volunteering. You can apply to places such as companies, educational institutional institutions and government agencies. This will allow you to develop your skills and gain exposure in the field.

  4. Build Technical Skills

    Certain technical skills are important to have as an agronomist. You should build skills in areas such as data analytics, agricultural technology and farming tools. Additionally, you should familiarise yourself with technologies that are used in modern agronomy.

  5. Gain Advanced Degrees

    This may not be compulsory for most employers. However, pursuing a master’s or a Ph.D. can give you access to higher opportunities and more career prospects. You can get higher roles in areas such as research, academia, and other specialised areas of agronomy.

  6. Acquire Certifications

    You can consider gaining certifications that are relevant to this career. These certifications can prove your expertise and commitment to this field. Additionally, you will gain further knowledge of different specializations that you can pursue in agronomy.

  7. Choose an Area of Specialisation

    You can decide to carve a niche for yourself in agronomy. Agronomy is a broad field and specialising in a specific area of expertise will be beneficial to your career. You can specialise in areas such as crop production, land management or agricultural science.


Types of Agronomists

  1. Precision Agronomist: Experts in this field use technologies such as GPS, remote sensing and data analysis in farming practices. Precision agronomists use in-depth data and mapping to optimise irrigation, fertilisation, and planting.
  2. Crop Agronomist: Crop agronomists offer their knowledge of crop selection, cultivation methods, and planting strategies in order to maximise yields. Generally, they focus on the production and administration of particular crops.
  3. Forage Agronomist: Forage agronomists maximise the methods used for these crops’ planting, harvesting, and management. They focus on growing forage crops, which are essential for feeding cattle as well as hay and pasture.
  4. Soil Agronomists: soil agronomists evaluate the characteristics of the soil and carry out fertility studies. Additionally, they make recommendations for soil management techniques.
  5. Environmental Agronomist: The work of environmental agronomists is to reduce farming practices’ negative environmental effects. Additionally, they examine the effects of agriculture on the environment, covering topics such as soil conservation, water quality, and sustainable land management.
  6. Crop Protection Agronomist: These agronomists research and suggest integrated pest management (IPM) techniques. Generally, they focus on managing diseases and pests.
  7. Horticultural Agronomist: Horticultural agronomists optimise cultivation practices and tackle crop-specific challenges. Additionally, they concentrate on cultivating fruits, vegetables and ornamental plants.
  8. Seed Agronomist: Seed agronomists work to improve crop genetic traits to increase yield, resilience, and overall productivity.


Universities in Africa to study Agronomy/Agricultural Science

  1. University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
  2. University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  3. Cairo University, Egypt
  4. Alexandria University, Egypt
  5. University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
  6. University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
  7. Makerere University, Uganda
  8. Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria
  9. North-West University, South Africa
  10. Mansoura University, Egypt
  11. University of Nairobi, Kenya
  12. Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
  13. University of Ghana, Ghana
  14. University of Nigeria, Nigeria
  15. Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
  16. Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria
  17. University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe
  18. Rhodes University, South Africa
  19. Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
  20. University of Sfax, Tunisia
  21. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana
  22. Haramaya University, Ethiopia
  23. Menoufia University, Egypt
  24. University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  25. University of Fort Hare, South Africa
  26. Botswana University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Botswana
  27. University of Khartoum, Sudan
  28. University of Ilorin, Nigeria
  29. Mekelle University, Ethiopia
  30. Egerton University, Kenya
  31. Hawassa University, Ethiopia
  32. University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
  33. Kenyatta University, Kenya
  34. University for Development Studies, Ghana
  35. Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya
  36. University of Monastir, Tunisia
  37. Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Nigeria
  38. Cheikh Anta Diop University, Senegal
  39. University of Lagos, Lagos
  40. University of Zambia, Zambia


Skills of an Agronomist

  1. Understanding of agricultural science
  2. Technology skills
  3. Understanding of agricultural economics
  4. Communication skills
  5. Communication skills


Workplace of an Agronomist

  1. Laboratories
  2. Farms
  3. Private Companies


Finally, becoming an agronomist can be an exciting career path. If you enjoy agriculture, you will appreciate this career path. To advance in this field, you must have a strong education and years of experience. You must also have excellent interpersonal skills, knowledge of the environment, and research abilities. Before deciding to become an agronomist, it is critical to understand the details and processes involved.


Good luck!

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