A career in agricultural engineering is a career path within engineering that involves creating technology to increase the efficiency of farming processes. Additionally, this area of engineering involves designing, constructing and improving farming equipment and machinery. Therefore, the main responsibility of an agricultural engineer is to integrate technology with farming. This field is crucial to the economy of every country because of the importance of agriculture and the need for sustainable agricultural practices. As a result, professionals in this field are highly respected and enjoy numerous career benefits.


Agricultural engineering requires professionals to formulate ideas and strategies to resolve environmental challenges such as farm pollution control. Generally, this field entails coming up with and putting into practice creative solutions to maintain environmentally friendly, productive, and sustainable farms. If you are interested in farming technology, you can consider pursuing a career in agricultural engineering.


This piece will give you a step-by-step guide on how to start a career in agricultural engineering.


How to Start a Career in Agricultural Engineering

  1. Obtain a Bachelor’s Degree

    You need to have a bachelor’s degree before you can become an agricultural engineer. Therefore, you need to start by earning a degree in Agricultural engineering. You can also earn a bachelor’s degree in related fields such as biological or environmental engineering. You will learn through classroom lectures, laboratory practicals and field works.

  2. Gain Practical Experiences

    You must gain hands-on experience in this field. These experiences will enable you to develop your skills and build your network in this field. Additionally, you will have the opportunity to apply your knowledge to real-world engineering projects. Therefore, you can apply for internships to gain experience.

  3. Pursue Advanced Degrees

    This may not be a compulsory requirement. However, it will elevate your career by giving you access to higher opportunities. Therefore, you can obtain a Master’s or a Doctoral Degree. Additionally, these degrees can give you room to gain knowledge and specialise in various areas of agricultural engineering.

  4. Obtain a Professional License

    Agricultural engineers are generally exempt from licencing requirements, but holding a Professional Engineer (PE) licence can give you more credibility and open up more career advancement opportunities. Therefore, you must pass the Principles and Practice of Engineering (PE) exam, obtain relevant work experience under a licenced engineer, and pass the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam to become licenced.

  5. Continuous Learning and Professional Development

    You need to educate yourself on the latest developments in agricultural engineering. Therefore, you can attend conferences, seminars and workshops.

Types of Agricultural Engineers

  1. Irrigation and Drainage Engineers

    These engineers are experts in the planning, creation, and administration of drainage and irrigation systems. Additionally, they design drainage systems to manage water levels and stop soil erosions.

  2. Environmental Engineers

    In agriculture, environmental engineers work to reduce the negative effects of farming methods on the environment. They create plans for environmental sustainability such as managing waste, controlling water quality, and preventing pollution.

  3. Food Process Engineers

    Food process engineers work to improve the processing and preservation of agricultural products. Additionally, they create and improve methods for food processing, packaging, and storage.

  4. Farm Machinery and Power Systems Engineers

    These engineers work to design and improve agricultural machinery and power systems. They design and optimise farm equipment such as tractors, harvesters, and irrigation systems.

  5. Bioprocess Engineers

    Bioprocess engineers use engineering concepts to study biological processes and systems in agriculture. Generally, they are involved in the development and enhancement of technologies related to waste management, biomass conversion, and biofuel production.

  6. Structural Engineers and Construction Engineers

    These engineers are experts at creating agricultural buildings, such as greenhouses, storage facilities, and farm buildings. They make certain that these buildings are adequate for the particular agricultural operations they house, safe, and functional.


Universities in Africa to study Agricultural engineering

  1. University of Stellenbosch, South Africa
  2. University of Ilorin, Nigeria
  3. Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
  4. University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
  5. Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria
  6. Cairo University, Egypt
  7. Zagazig University, Egypt
  8. University of Pretoria, South Africa
  9. University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  10. Ain Shams University, Egypt
  11. Menoufia University, Egypt
  12. North-West University, South Africa
  13. Mansoura University, Egypt
  14. University of Johannesburg, South Africa
  15. Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria
  16. Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
  17. University of Nairobi, Kenya
  18. University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe
  19. Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Nigeria
  20. University of the Free State, South Africa
  21. Al-Azhar University, Egypt
  22. Tanta University, Egypt
  23. University of Nigeria, Nigeria
  24. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana
  25. Suez Canal University, Egypt
  26. Alexandria University, Egypt
  27. Kafrelsheikh University, Egypt


In conclusion, a career in agricultural engineering offers a dynamic and rewarding career. Pursuing this career path will enable you to contribute to sustainable farming practices and make a lasting impact. Additionally, you will have the opportunity to explore various career and job opportunities because of the demand for agricultural engineers. However, you need to obtain a reputable degree and develop the essential skills to succeed in this career path.


Good luck!

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