Starting a career as a physicist can offer a variety of career opportunities in academia and the corporate sector. Additionally, they play vital roles in research laboratories, government organisations, and the business world. Physicists are scientists who specialise in the study of physics. They investigate how various types of energy and matter work together.


Physicists investigate the interactions of both energy and matter, as well as how to utilize this understanding to address scientific and technological challenges. Additionally, They apply research and examination to clarify forces of nature such as electromagnetism, as well as developing materials such as medical equipment. Also, they develop experimental devices such as electron microscopes, particle accelerators, and lasers. Starting a career as a physicist demands that you develop the necessary scientific skills and gain industry knowledge to function effectively.


I will walk you through the educational qualifications and skills needed to start a career as a physicist.


How to Become a Physicist

  1. Complete your Secondary Education

    You cannot pursue a career as a physicist without an O’level result. Additionally, you should have a minimum of credits in subjects such as Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Computer Science. This is important as it enables you to have a chance of getting admitted into the university.

  2. Obtain a Bachelor’s Degree

    You can obtain a degree in disciplines such as Physics or Applied Physics. This degrees will you a foundational knowledge in physics through theoretical and practical curriculums.

  3. Gain Practical Experience

    You can gain practical experiences through internships as an undergraduate and after studies. You will have the opportunity to gain hands-on experience of utilising your skills in real-world settings. Additionally, Internships allow you to engage in research projects that improve your educational experience, the goals of the sponsoring institution, and the frontiers of science.

  4. Obtain a Master’s Degree

    Acquiring a master’s degree in physics can enable you gain a high position in leadership roles as well as give you advanced knowledge in research. Additionally, a master’s degree will give you an opportunity to have more career opportunities open to you in the private sector and government agencies.

  5. Pursue a Doctorate Degree

    A doctorate degree is very crucial for anyone who wants to specialise in theoretical physics. If you want to teach aspiring physicists, you will be required to obtain a doctorate degree.

  6. Network with Professionals

    As an aspiring physicist, it is important that you network with professionals and colleagues in this field. This can lead to more career and growth initiatives. Additionally, you can enroll in internship programmes and become a member of research fellowships.


Categories of Physicists

  1. Theoretical Physicists: This category of physicists develop hypotheses and mathematical frameworks to describe how certain elements of the world behave.
  2. Experimental Physicists: This category of physicists apply physics concepts and frameworks to the test in order to validate their assertions and suggest changes.
  3. Applied Physicists: They apply physicists’ discoveries to challenges in the fields of science, technology, and the community.


Areas of Specialisation for Study as a Physicist

  1. Medical and Health Physicist

    They research how physics is used in the fields of wellness and health, including the design and use of X-ray machines.

  2. Particle and Nuclear Physicist

    They are responsible for investigating the properties and behaviour of atomic nuclei.

  3. Astrophysicist

    These scientist explore the properties of the cosmos and its constituents, such as the solar system, galaxies, and stars.

  4. Nanotechnologist

    Nanotechnologists manipulate the atomic and subatomic properties of matter using diverse techniques to produce materials that are more stable.

  5.  Condensed matter physicists

    These scientists investigate the behaviour and properties of solid matter under a variety of situations. Additionally, they use this information while creating and designing new goods and materials.

  6. Optical Physicist

    They research light’s behaviour and qualities in order to develop more effective optical equipment and systems.


Universities in Africa that Offer Physics

  1. University of Nigeria, Nigeria
  2. Cairo University, Egypt
  3. University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
  4. Zagazig University, Egypt
  5. Alexandria University, Egypt
  6. Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria
  7. University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  8. Covenant University, Nigeria
  9. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana
  10. Rhodes University, South Africa
  11. University of Lagos, Nigeria
  12. University of Cape Town, South Africa
  13. Tanta University, Egypt
  14. University of Nairobi, Kenya
  15. Moi University, Kenya
  16. University of Witwatersrand, South Africa
  17. Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
  18. University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe
  19. Ain Shams University, Egypt
  20. University of Ilorin, Nigeria
  21. Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria
  22. Tunis University, Tunisia
  23. Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
  24. University of Ghana, Ghana
  25. Port Said University, Egypt
  26. Cadi Ayyad University, Morocco
  27. University of Annaba, Algeria
  28. Durban University of Technology, South Africa
  29. University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
  30. Makerere University, Uganda


In Conclusion, starting a career as a physicist will introduce to a world of science and forces of nature. If you are always interested by the splendours and secrets of the universe, this career choice can be rewarding. However, before you can gain a wonderful career as a physicist, you must first complete the educational criteria, such as earning a bachelor’s degree in physics and having the required scientific, analytical, problem-solving, and communication abilities.


Good luck!


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