Starting a career as a meteorologist gives you the expertise and knowledge to provide accurate weather forecasts to individuals, and governments. Meteorologists are also known as atmospheric scientists. Therefore, they are in charge of studying and identifying changes in climate and weather patterns. This career path plays a vital role in various sectors of a country. As a result, they are always in demand in every part of the country.


As a meteorologist, you can have the opportunity to work in various sectors of the industry. You can work for places such as broadcast networks, the military, research centres, private businesses, etc. However, before you can start a career as a meteorologist, you must obtain all the necessary qualifications and skills. Additionally, you must have a strong foundation in subjects such as Mathematics, Physics and computer science.


In this piece, I will discuss the processes you can take to start a career as a meteorologist.


Steps to Start a Career as a Meteorologist

  1. Complete High School

    You must complete your high school education and have the right certificate before you can start a career as a meteorologist. Additionally, you need to start building the foundations for your career from high school. Therefore, you need to take subjects such as mathematics, physics, geology and chemistry. Additionally, you should develop skills that will enable you to thrive in this career.

  2. Obtain a Bachelor’s Degree

    A bachelor’s degree is compulsory to pursue this career. You can obtain a degree in disciplines such as meteorology or atmospheric sciences. However, you can also obtain a degree in scientific fields such as geology, chemistry, physics or statistics.

  3. Build Technology Skills

    You need to have computer skills to thrive in this career. This is because you will use computers to perform roles such as research and weather prediction. Additionally, you will use computer models and programs while carrying out research. Therefore, you should focus on building these skills to thrive in this career path.

  4. Gain Experience

    You can gain experiences through ways such as internships or volunteering. You can start applying for these internships while studying as an undergraduate. This internship is useful because it will allow you to have valuable experience in this field. Additionally, you will have the chance to connect with colleagues and experts in this field.

  5. Pursue an Advanced Degree

    You can go further to pursue an advanced degree as a meteorologist. You can pursue either a master’s or a doctorate. These degrees can enable you to get higher career opportunities as well as advanced pay. Therefore, you can obtain these degrees while pursuing your career.

  6. Choose an Area of Specialisation

    There are various fields in meteorology that you can pursue. You can specialize in areas such as operational, synoptic, climatologist, etc. Therefore, you can decide to specialize in any of these areas and gain expertise.

  7. Obtain Professional Certification

    Acquiring professional certificates can demonstrate your expertise and knowledge. Additionally, it demonstrates your commitment to continuous learning and professional development.

  8. Join a Professional Association

    As a meteorologist, you must become a member of a professional association. This will give you the chance to network and connect with colleagues, and experts.   Furthermore, you can have access to growth opportunities as well as career opportunities.


Types of Meteorologists

  1. Research Meteorologist

    Research meteorologists study atmospheric processes, analyse climate data, and create and improve weather models. Additionally, they conduct scientific research to improve our understanding of weather and climate systems. They work in places such as universities, research institutions and government agencies.

  2. Broadcast Meteorologist

    These professionals provide weather forecasts to the public through television or radio stations. Additionally, they often develop visuals and imagery to boost their presentations and provide live coverage of weather events.

  3. Agricultural Meteorologist

    Agricultural meteorologists are experts who offer weather information and forecasts to help farmers and crop managers.

  4. Operational Meteorologist

    Operational meteorologists analyse the present climate and provide forecasts and warnings using various tools such as weather models and observation data. They work in weather forecasting centres such as those run by national meteorological agencies.

  5. Climatologist

    Climatologists study climate impacts such as the effects of climate change on ecosystems, agriculture, and human societies. Additionally, they contribute to climate research, provide climate assessments, and may work for government agencies or research institutions.

  6. Aviation Meteorologist

    Aviation meteorologists specialise in providing weather information and forecasts tailored specifically to the aviation industry. They contribute to safe and efficient air travel by monitoring weather conditions such as visibility, turbulence, and severe weather.

  7. Environmental Meteorologists

    Environmental meteorologists are experts who study the interaction of weather and the environment. Additionally, they investigate how weather influences air quality, pollution dispersion, and environmental processes.


Skills Needed to Start a Career as a Meteorologist

  1. Advanced Mathematics Skills
  2. Technology
  3. Analytical skills
  4. Critical thinking
  5. Flexibility
  6. Communication


Universities in Africa that Offer Meteorology and Atmospheric Science

  1. University of Cape Town, South Africa
  2. University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
  3. Cairo University, Egypt
  4. Alexandria University, Egypt
  5. Mansoura University, Egypt
  6. University of Monastir, Tunisia
  7. Benha University, Egypt
  8. Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
  9. University of Sciences and Technology Houari Boumediene, Algeria
  10. Helwan University, Egypt
  11. Cadi Ayyad University, Morocco
  12. North-West University, South Africa
  13. Tunis University, Tunisia
  14. Al-Azhar University, Egypt
  15. University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  16. University of Johannesburg, South Africa
  17. Rhodes University, South Africa
  18. Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria
  19. Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria
  20. University of the Free State, South Africa
  21. Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
  22. Menoufia University, Egypt
  23. University of Nairobi, Kenya
  24. University of Nigeria, Nigeria
  25. Suez Canal University, Egypt
  26. University of Science and Technology of Oran, Algeria
  27. Mohammed V University, Morocco
  28. University of Lagos, Nigeria
  29. Aswan University, Egypt
  30. University of Ilorin, Nigeria
  31. University of Botswana, Botswana
  32. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana
  33. University of the Western Cape, South Africa
  34. Covenant University, Nigeria
  35. Gabes University, Tunisia
  36. Makerere University, Uganda
  37. University of Annaba, Algeria
  38. Port Said University, Egypt
  39. University of Tlemcen, Algeria
  40. Sohag University, Egypt


In Conclusion, starting a career as a meteorologist demands you to be committed to obtaining the necessary education and skills. This career path necessitates mathematical and computer abilities. As a result, to thrive in this career, you must acquire this knowledge and skills. You can work in a variety of industries based on your specialisation. Furthermore, you should carefully select your area of interest because it will influence the success of your career. You can choose a specialisation based on your career goals or areas of interest.


Good luck!

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