A blockchain developer is a software developer who focuses on blockchain technology. The demand for blockchain developers is growing rapidly among various industries. This is because they work with disruptive and exciting technology. As a result, there is a high increase in job opportunities for blockchain developers. Blockchain developers are hired by employers such as industries, tech firms, startups and even governments of nations. Pursuing a career as a blockchain developer can be a great choice and it offers promising opportunities. Additionally, blockchain developers have vast opportunities for continuous learning and growth because of the evolution of blockchain technology.


Blockchain development refers to the process of designing, managing, and creating blockchain systems and applications. Generally, the goal is to use the unique characteristics of blockchain technology to address problems and generate opportunities. Starting a career as a blockchain developer opens up a variety of job opportunities and positions. You can work in roles such as a blockchain architect, smart contract developer and consultant. Additionally, you can even launch your own blockchain business.


In this piece, I will walk you through the steps to take when pursuing a career as a blockchain developer.


How to Become a Blockchain Developer

  1. Gain a Bachelor’s Degree

    Firstly, you should start by earning a bachelor’s degree. You can pursue a degree in areas such as computer science, information technology or mathematics. This will give you a foundational knowledge in computer science and technology. Additionally, it will enable you to have the skills to stand out as a professional in formal settings.

  2. Understand the fundamentals of Blockchain

    You must know the basic concepts and terminologies of blockchain. This is very important because it provides the foundation of everything you need to know as a blockchain developer. Therefore, you need to gain a deeper understanding of them before starting your career as a blockchain developer.

  3. Build Technical Skills

    To become a blockchain developer, you must have a strong grasp of technical skills. Firstly, you should have a solid understanding of programming languages. You should learn programming languages such as Solidarity, Go and Javascript. Additionally, you should be proficient in algorithms, data structures, and databases. You should also be familiar with cryptography and network security.

  4. Gain Practical Experiences

    You must develop a strong portfolio of blockchain development projects. This will showcase your skills and abilities to prospective employers. Therefore, you need to gain practical experience to be able to do that. You can gain experiences through ways such as contributing to open-source blockchain projects and participating in hackathons. Additionally, you can develop your blockchain apps.

  5. Networking

    Developing a professional community in the blockchain space can help in growing your career. Additionally, you will be able to connect with other developers and gain access to experts for mentorship. Therefore, you can network by engaging in online forums and attending blockchain events.

  6. Obtain Certifications

    Getting certified in a particular blockchain technology can make you stand out in the competitive job market and show potential employers your level of expertise. Additionally, earning certifications can assist you in staying current with best practices and the newest advancements in the quickly developing field of blockchain technology.

  7. Stay up to date

    Blockchain technology is constantly evolving. Therefore, you need to stay updated with the trends and current changes in this field. This is important for your success as a blockchain developer.


Popular Certifications to Obtain in Blockchain Development

  1. Certified Blockchain Developer (CBD)
  2. Hyperledger Fabric Administrator Certification
  3. Certified Corda Developer (CCD)
  4. Ethereum Developer Certification
  5. ConsenSys Developer Certification


Online Resources to learn from

  1. Udemy
  2. Coursera
  3. GitHub
  4. BlockChain Council
  5. Solidarity Documentation
  6. Hyperledger Fabric Documentation
  7. Ethereum Documentation


Types of Blockchain Developers

  1. Blockchain Protocol Developer

    Blockchain Protocol Developers work on developing and optimising the blockchain infrastructure. Additionally, they create consensus algorithms, network protocols, and other essential elements that enable the blockchain network to operate.

  2. Blockchain Integration Developers

    The main goal of blockchain integration developers is to incorporate blockchain technology into already-in-use programs and systems. Therefore, they strive to guarantee that the blockchain network can communicate with other platforms, like databases and APIs.

  3. Smart Contract Developers

    They specialise in creating code for self-executing contracts that run on blockchain networks.

  4. Blockchain Application Developers

    Blockchain Application Developers create decentralised applications (dApps) that run on blockchain networks. They use programming languages such as JavaScript and React to build user interfaces that interact with the blockchain network.

  5. Blockchain Security Developers

    These developers are experts in guaranteeing the safety and soundness of blockchain networks. Additionally, they also identify the network’s flaws and vulnerabilities.


Universities in Africa that Offer Computer Science

  1. Cairo University, Egypt
  2. University of Cape Town, South Africa
  3. Alexandria University, Egypt
  4. University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  5. North-West University, South Africa
  6. University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
  7. University of Nigeria. Nigeria
  8. Minia University, Egypt
  9. Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
  10. University of Monastir, Tunisia
  11. Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria
  12. Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria
  13. University of Ilorin, Nigeria
  14. Durban University of Technology, South Africa
  15. University of Mauritius, Mauritius
  16. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana
  17. Benha University, Egypt
  18. University of Nairobi, Kenya
  19. University of Ghana, Ghana
  20. Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
  21. Makerere University, Uganda
  22. University of Lagos, Nigeria
  23. University of Khartoum, Sudan
  24. Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Morocco
  25. Rhodes University, South Africa
  26. University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe
  27. Olabisi Onabanjo University, Nigeria
  28. Cape Peninsula University of Technology, South Africa
  29. Tunis University, Tunisia
  30. University of Calabar, Nigeria
  31. Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Nigeria
  32. Jimma University, Ethiopia
  33. University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  34. Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria
  35. Mohammed V University, Morocco
  36. University of Gondar, Ethiopia
  37. University of Dschang, Cameroon
  38. Egerton University, Kenya
  39. Covenant University, Nigeria
  40. University of Sousse, Tunisia


In Conclusion, becoming a blockchain developer can be a rewarding career choice. This career brings high earning potential, the chance to acquire more knowledge and the ability to influence technological innovation. Therefore, to become successful in this career, you should keep up with the latest trends, develop your skills and explore the blockchain industry.


Good luck!

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